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Anyone can donate organs or tissues to be recovered upon their death.

A medical assessment will be made to determine the individual's eligibility as well as which organs and tissues can be recovered.

Even if you have consented to organ and tissue donation, we will do everything possible to save your life.

The main concern of the doctors caring for a patient is to treat him or her. Transplant specialists only intervene once all efforts to save a patient's life have failed, death has been pronounced, and the consent for organ and tissue donation has been confirmed.

Before any recovery begins, the physicians ascertain that you are truly dead.

No part of the body may be removed before the death of the donor is attested by two physicians who do not participate either in the removal or in the transplantation. (Section 45 of the Civil Code of Québec)

Transplantations and grafts are truly effective.

Transplantation and graft procedures yield increasingly better results from year to year. Most transplant and graft patients enjoy a better quality of life. While success rates for transplants vary according to organ and tissue type, the 1-year survival rate for organ-transplant recipients is 70% to 90%.

Various organs and tissues can be used.

The organs that can be transplanted are the kidneys, heart, lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines. Bone, skin, heart valves, tendons, and corneas are the main types of tissues used for grafts. A single donor can provide organs for 8 people and tissues for 20 more.

You can only donate certain organs and tissues.

When telling your family about your decision to donate organs and tissues upon your death, it's important to mention any restrictions that you might have about certain organs or tissues. Upon your death, your family will have to sign a form authorizing the removal of organs and tissues.

There is no age limit on donating organs or tissues.

Anyone, regardless of age, can be considered a potential donor. The determining factor is organ and tissue quality. The oldest organ donor in Québec was over 88.

There are no costs related to donating organs or tissues.

There are no costs to families related to donating organs or tissues. Families, however, are still responsible for funeral arrangements.

Donors can have open-casket viewing, if they wish.

Organs and tissues are removed by specialized teams who can ensure that the entire process respects human dignity and does not affect the donor's appearance.

Most major religions view organ and tissue donation as a humanitarian act and allow it.

If you have any doubts, however, talk to a representative of your religion.

People residing in remote areas can also donate organs and tissues.

A donor may be identified in a hospital in a remote region. If the family consents, the body of the deceased can be transferred to a specialized organ/tissue recovery center and then returned to its point of origin, at no cost to the family.

Your organs and tissues will be used for research and teaching only if that is what you have specified in your consent. In such cases, your organs and tissues will not be used for transplants or grafts.

Your family will have to specify this in the consent form that they must complete upon your death.

Organs are assigned according to established medical protocols.

A variety of factors go into the decision, such as blood type, tissue compatibility, height and weight, medical emergency status, and the recipient's place on Transplant Québec single waiting list.

The donor's and recipient's identities will never be disclosed.

Donating an organ is a volunteer act, made freely, anonymously, and with no money involved. Recipients can communicate with the donor's family and vice versa through Transplant Québec, provided that both parties agree and that both remain anonymous.

Selling or buying human organs or tissues is prohibited by law.

In the case of organs, Transplant Québec is responsible for connecting donors with recipients by assuming management of the single waiting list.

Your family and loved ones must respect your consent to donate organs and tissues.

This is why you must inform them of your decision and record your consent in the RAMQ's Registre des consentements au don d’organes et de tissus. You can also sign the consent sticker and put in on the back of your health-insurance card or have your decision recorded in the Registre des consentements au don d’organes et de tissus of the Chambre des notaires du Québec.

If you haven't expressed your wishes, then your family will have to make the decision.

If, upon your death, the medical team is not aware of your wishes, they will ask your family to decide about donating your organs and tissues. Some families oppose organ and tissue donation because they are unaware of the donor's wishes.

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